As you might know, Ubuntu starting from 19.10 now ships with Chromium as a snap with no option to install it as a deb package. IMO, snap is still not polished enough to become default, having drawbacks like slow app first startup, integration issues sometimes, etc. I hope some day it will shine, but until then, users have to have a choice.
I get Ubuntu devs arguments: stop wasting too much time to package for different Ubuntu versions with different tools and dependencies — better package once and use this time/resources in more productive ways. But there are other ways of achieving this, rather than going snap-only, like use package from Debian verbatim (you know, like it's done with 99% of packages in Ubuntu).
So that's exactly what we're going to do: use package from Debian.
I know, I know: Ubuntu devs don't recommend to use packages from Debian. Well, you know what, I don't recommend Ubuntu devs to force Calculator that takes 5 seconds to start from SSD on their users. Anyway, we are going to configure apt to never install anything from Debian repos except for Chromium and a couple of dependencies not available in Ubuntu.
Set preferences for Debian repos in general and Chromium package in particular:
sudo tee -a /etc/apt/preferences.d/chromium.pref <<EOF Package: * Pin: origin "deb.debian.org" Pin-Priority: -10 Package: chromium* libvpx5 libjpeg62-turbo Pin: origin "deb.debian.org" Pin-Priority: 999 EOF
Add Debian repos:
sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/debian.list <<EOF deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stable main #Debian stable deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ stable-updates main #Debian updates deb http://deb.debian.org/debian-security stable/updates main #Debian security updates EOF
Install Debian signing keys:
sudo apt install debian-archive-keyring && \ sudo apt-key add /usr/share/keyrings/debian-archive-keyring.gpg
Update package lists:
sudo apt update
First update will take some time, as it needs to download about 50MB of package information data.
Check that our package preferences work as intended:
apt-cache policy chromium linux-base
It should list
chromiumfrom Debian as a candidate, but
linux-baseshould be from Ubuntu (even if Debian has newer version, as in example below):
chromium: Installed: 78.0.3904.108-1~deb10u1 Candidate: 78.0.3904.108-1~deb10u1 Version table: *** 78.0.3904.108-1~deb10u1 999 -10 http://deb.debian.org/debian-security stable/updates/main amd64 Packages 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status 78.0.3904.97-1~deb10u1 999 -10 http://deb.debian.org/debian stable/main amd64 Packages linux-base: Installed: 4.5ubuntu2 Candidate: 4.5ubuntu2 Version table: 4.6 -10 -10 http://deb.debian.org/debian stable/main amd64 Packages -10 http://deb.debian.org/debian stable/main i386 Packages *** 4.5ubuntu2 500 500 http://ru.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu eoan/main amd64 Packages 500 http://ru.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu eoan/main i386 Packages 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
sudo apt install chromium